Knowledge of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus II (DM II) among undergraduate students: A crossectional study among University of Ghana students

Konlan Kennedy Dodam, Kombat Miiding Samuel, Kwadwo Ameyaw Korsah, Prince Appiah Yeboah, 5Konlan Kennedy Diema


Background: DM II and MetS are highly prevalent in the adult population worldwide. Education may play an important role in preventing DM II and MetS in young adults, especially those who are attending university. Such adults are at a critical point in their lives and make their own lifestyle choices that can affect their future health.


Aim:- The study was conducted to determine the knowledge of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus II  (DM II) among undergraduate students of the University of Ghana.

Method:- In a crossectional study design, a pre-tested administered questionnaire was used as a survey instrument. One hundred respondents were selected by non-probability sampling method. The data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and Microsoft Excel 2007.

Results:-. Findings from this study revealed that about 69% of participants were aware of DM II while only 27% were aware of MetS. Only 10% of them had in-depth knowledge about DM II with 7% having knowledge of MetS. Although awareness level was high among the participants, myths and inaccurate information about DM II existed. 21% of the respondents reported family history of DM II even though only 2.9% said they discussed about DM II and MetS at home with their parents. Majority of the respondents obtained their awareness through television with only 14.5% obtaining their awareness through the internet. Majority of the respondents could not identify the components of MetS as well as the signs and symptoms of DM II.


 Conclusion: Awareness of DM II was generally high but with marked misconceptions and the quality of the knowledge about DM II was poor; as the students could not identify the causes of DM II as well as measures to prevent the disease. Also, there was little awareness as well as in-depth knowledge about MetS among the respondents. Education on these lifestyle conditions are necessary in other to maintain a healthy population. There is also the need for the formation of health clubs in Ghanaian Universities to help disseminate health information to students.


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