Glass Ceiling: An Invisible Barrier

Shalini Kumar


The modern society is often described as highly democratic, Advanced & humanistic in nature. At the same time argument regarding, the discrimination & real equality of people in terms of race, gender, & social position still continues to exist. Unfortunately, today women are still being discriminated and trying to prove themselves equal to men in the workplace and leadership roles. The barrier which is not visible and non-breakable is known as   "glass ceiling", due to this the fraction of women occupying top-level management is much lesser than men. Although in this new century, much progress has been made for women’s advancement This article presents the outlook on the glass ceiling & reasons for prevalence of glass ceiling. It also explores the possibility that whether the glass ceiling is sector-centric? Further examples of few women who have breached this barrier.

In the workplace Women’s advancement has taken a remarkable place in the past 50 years. However as per Research an increased presence of female employees in mid-management positions are notable still, leadership positions across the globe are still dominated by men.

ves that guided the study included; to determine the influence of OHS regulations on employee productivity in KTDA, to establish the influence of workplace safety inspections on employee productivity in KTDA and to investigate the influence of OHS induction and training on employee productivity in KTDA. To achieve the study objectives, descriptive survey research design was used. Questionnaires were distributed to 173 respondents out of which 160 completed and returned, giving 92.5% questionnaire return rate.  The collected data was analyzed using mean, standard deviations, correlation and regression. Data was presented using tables. The study found out that employee productivity is influenced by all variables under study; OHS regulations, workplace safety inspections and OHS induction and training. The study concluded that OHS induction and training influence employee productivity to a great extent, followed by workplace safety inspections and then OHS regulations. The study recommends continuous improvement of OHS practices as they influence employee productivity.



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