 Face Recognition Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA)

Neha Vishwakarma


Face is a complex multidimensional structure and needs good computing techniques for recognition. Our approach treats face recognition as a two-dimensional recognition problem. In this scheme face recognition is done by

Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Face images are projected onto a face space that encodes best variation among known face images. The face space is defined by eigenface which are eigenvectors of the set of faces, which may not correspond to general facial features such as eyes, nose, and lips. The eigenface approach uses the PCA for recognition of the images. The system performs by projecting pre extracted face image onto a set of face space that represents significant variations among known face images. Face will be categorized as known or unknown face after matching with the present database. If the user is new to the face recognition system then his/her template will be stored in the database else matched against the templates stored in the database. The variable reducing theory of PCA accounts for the smaller face space than the training set of face.

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